大清河流域城市化与水资源利用关系研究
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上海市政工程设计研究总院(集团)有限公司

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TV213

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住房和城乡建设部软科学研究项目“城市水系统规划建设理论和方案研究”(R20200221)


Study on the relationship between urbanization and water resources utilization in Daqing River Basin
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    摘要:

    为探究城市化与水资源利用的相关关系,以雄安新区所在的大清河流域为研究对象,通过建立评价城市化水平和水资源利用水平的指标体系,运用环境与经济发展的协调发展度模型评价大清河流域2001~2021年城市化与水资源两个系统的协调发展度,分析两个系统的变化及其耦合关系的发展情况。结果表明:(1)大清河流域城市化水平呈现线性上升趋势,城市化子系统对整体城市化的重要性排序为:经济城市化>社会城市化>空间城市化>人口城市化;(2)水资源系统整体呈现波动上升趋势,但是受到水资源本底情况影响较大;(3)城市化与水资源两系统之间的协调发展关系从严重失调衰退类发展为优质协调发展类。研究城市化与水资源利用相关关系,可为城市的可持续发展指明方向,为“四水四定”方针提供科学支撑。

    Abstract:

    In order to explore the correlation between urbanization and water resource utilization, the Daqing River Basin where Xiong'an New Area is located was taken as the research object. By establishing an indicator system for evaluating the level of urbanization and water resource utilization, and using the coordinated development degree model of environment and economic development to evaluate the coordinated development degree of urbanization and water resource systems in the Daqing River Basin from 2001 to 2021. The changes in the two systems and the development of their coupling relationship were analyzed. The results show that: (1) the urbanization level in the Daqing River Basin was increasing linearly. Economic urbanization contributed the most to overall urbanization, followed by social and spatial urbanization, while population urbanization was the least; (2) The overall water resource system was greatly affected by the background situation, but it was still increasing with fluctuations; (3) The coordinated development relationship between urbanization and water resources had evolved from severe imbalance and decline to high-quality coordinated development. Studying the relationship between urbanization and water resource utilization can provide direction for sustainable development of cities and scientific support for the "four water and four fixed" policy.

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  • 收稿日期:2023-06-11
  • 最后修改日期:2023-12-29
  • 录用日期:2024-01-10
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